Themes and Topics

Three conference themes are distinguished:

Theme A: HYDROGEOLOGY AND HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY — ORIGIN, PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT
Theme B: BOTTLED WATER — MARKET AND DEMAND, HEALTH ISSUES
Theme C: BALNEOLOGY — BALNEOTHERAPY AND BALNEOTECHNICS

Theme A: HYDROGEOLOGY AND HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY — ORIGIN, PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT

A.1. The interpretation of the term mineral waters and methods of their utilization in various countries
A.2. Hydrogeological origin and hydrogeochemistry of mineral waters – Hydrogeological conceptual schemes of the structure and functioning of hydromineral systems – New ideas and opinions on the origin and specific types of mineral water (thermal, carbonate, radioactive waters, brines), evolution of mineral waters in different types of rocks environment
A.3. Exploitation and management of mineral waters – Resource assessment and management, modelling of thermal and mineral hydrosystems, estimation of safe yield of mineral waters and quantity of heat stored in thermal water systems
A.4. Protection and conservation – Protection of existing mineral water resources, quality approach, risk assessment, quality protection policies
A.5. Abstraction and transport of mineral and thermal waters, technical problems (corrosion, transport, heat regeneration, hygiene issues, etc.)
A.6. Socio-economic aspects – Socio-economic benefits at the scale of springs,their watersheds and at the regional and national scale
A.7. Case studies on mineral water exploitation and protection – Scientific, technological, economic, social and legal issues

Theme B: BOTTLED WATER — MARKET AND DEMAND, HEALTH ISSUES

(this theme deals also with public health, but not with treatment of diseases, bodily injuries, etc.)

B.1. Challenges and opportunities of the European bottled water sector
B.2. The original (pristine) purity of natural mineral waters“ – the legislation of the EU, as opposed to that of Czech Republic, does not specify the highest minimum required sensitivity of method detectable levels for chemical analysis methods used to establish the content of anthropogenic constituents, of which the consequence is that the gradual improvement of tools and methods leads to detection of some constituents undetectable before.
B.3. The analysis of contaminants at ultratrace level in water, and how to avoid ‘false positive’ results – Also the issue of emerging contaminants, and how to proceed for analyses with very low threshold
B.4. EU situation in relation to health claims: what can be claimed by mineral water brands based on EU legislation and recent work by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)? – Mineral waters as part of food, and legislation on health and nutrition, for example (i) Commission regulation (EU) No 432/2012 of 16 May 2012 establishing a list of permitted health claims made on foods, other than those referring to the reduction of disease risk and to children’s development and health, and (ii) Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods
B.5. Safety of packaging: the issue of plastics (the safety of PET bottles)
B.6. Daily intake of mineral waters – links with (i) the definition of natural mineral waters, (ii) contents of natural minerals and its effect on health, and (iii) benefits of mineral waters over drinking water
B.7. Use of mineral waters for children nourishment (mineral waters suitable for preparation of baby food)
B.8. The issue of medicinal effect of bottled mineral waters (specifically highly mineralised waters). – Classification of these waters is not regulated by European legislation and therefore these waters are in some countries considered as food, and health supporting additive in other countries.
B.9. The issue of microbiological quality of natural mineral waters (as no water purification treatment by chlorination or similar method)
B.10. Containers (plastic, etc.) of bottled waters and their impact on the environment – Recycling
B.11. Bottled water in developing countries: Benefit for the whole population or ‘stealing’ water from the poor?

Theme C: BALNEOLOGY — BALNEOTHERAPY AND BALNEOTECHNICS

C.1. Medical use of radon-rich mineral waters – locomotion apparatus diseases
C.2. Medical use of carbonated mineral waters – breathing apparatus diseases
C.3. Medical use of the sulphuric waters – skin diseases
C.4. Medical use of mineral waters in the field of gastroenterology
C.5. Treatment of neurological diseases
C.6. Treatment of metabolic disorders
C.7. Treatment of other diseases – dermatology and psychiatry
C.8. Use of mineral waters in the field of sports rehabilitation
C.9. Application of mineral waters for cosmetology